Cancer of the lung now kills more men and women in the United States than any other cancer type. Cancer of the lung now kills more women in the United States than does cancer of the breast. About 160,000 Americans will die of lung cancer this year, adding up to about 27 percent of all cancer deaths. Lung cancer kills more men than women and more blacks than whites, and it is also the most common cancer type worldwide.
The number of lung cancer cases in the United States is high, and the five-year survival rate is low. The lung cancer survival rate for those diagnosed with the disease is slightly more than 17% and that holds only if the cancer is detected at an early stage, which it often is not. If the tumor has spread from the lungs, the lung cancer survival rate drops to only 4%. These figures are far lower in contrast to the breast cancer five-year rate of abut 90% and the rate for colon cancer, which is 65%. About one-half of the people who are diagnosed with lung cancer will die within 1 year.
What is the cause of this killer?
Smoking has been named as number one, and it is said to account for about 80-90% of lung cancer deaths in both men and women. For instance, a woman who smokes is about 13 times more likely to develop lung cancer than women who don’t smoke. Non-smokers also are in danger of lunch cancer if they work or live with smokers.
What is the treatment for this killer?
The most common treatment is chemotherapy, which is usually injected and can be given with or without surgery. Problems often occur because the so-called chemo cannot always identify the cancer cells correctly and can kill other vital cells. For some patients, the lung cancer is treated with oral therapy, which is taken as pills to fight the cancer cells. Both of these methods are aimed at lengthening the lung cancer survival rate.